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Sleep, Slums and Shelter: Impact of a Slum-housing upgrading program
Agustín Salvia, Solange Rodríguez Espinola et al.
The Pontificial Academy of Sciences: Bread and Brain; Education and Poverty, Roma, 2013.
The unprecedented urban growth in face of increasing poverty and social inequity in developing countries is posing an immense challenge at all levels. The urbanization of poverty is reflected mainly by the proliferation and expansion of slums. Over one billion people (about 14 percent of the world population) are slum dwellers. According to UN-HABITAT predictions, the number of slum dwellers could double by the year 2030, due to the increase of social inequality and poverty in the context of an extraordinary urban growth. Slum dwellers do share the fact that they live in the most adverse of circumstances and poor sleep conditions presumably could amplify health related problems typical of the slum environment like psychological distress, poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle and cardiovascular disease. In a first part of our study we applied a brief version of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) to the sample population examined by the Barómetro de la Deuda Social Argentina, Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina (N= 5766). The aim of this program is the identification, monitoring and evaluation of the dynamics and scope of the social debt understood as deficit in human development capabilities and social integration of the population. It also assesses the effect of policies and public-private actions affecting its state and evolution. Analysis of the distribution of sleep disorders as a function of socioeconomic status, residential status and place of residence indicated that the very low socio-economic stratum had a higher percentage of subjects with poor quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness (p