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Lost-layoff work trajectories in Argentina : social inequality and polarization in the late 1990s
Salvia, Agustín, Gutierrez Ageitos, Pablo y Hadad, I.
En World Society Studies, Inequality beyond globalization : economic changes, social transformations, and the dynamics of inequality. Hamburgo (Suiza): World Society Studies.
During the 1990s, Argentina went through a period of economic restructuring, including the privatization of public assets, deregulation, and economic liberalization. Economic reforms did not solve but instead aggravated the long-term, structural deficits of Argentina?s productive structure, namely, the concentration on low-end products and productive stages and the enclave nature of the most dynamic, internationally competitive sectors and firms (Porta c.2006). As they deepened economic imbalances, reforms resulted in an increasingly fragmented and polarized labor market and a persistent labor surplus, which the existing development model has failed to absorb even during periods of economic growth (Salvia and Chávez Molina 2007). In this paper, we illustrate this process of social fragmentation and polarization, by systematizing the accumulated work of the Research Program on Structural Change, conducted at the Gino Germani Research Institute of the University of Buenos Aires.
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